What is DVIR?
If you’re new to the fleet management industry or are looking for a better way to complete required inspections for your commercial vehicles, you’ve come to the right place.
In this blog, we’ll explain what a DVIR is, when it's required, how it works, and the benefits of using electronic DVIRs.
DVIR Meaning & How It Works
So what is a DVIR exactly? And how does it work?
DVIR, meaning Driver Vehicle Inspection Report, is a daily report that drivers have to complete for commercial motor vehicles.
This includes a pre-trip inspection and a post-trip inspection. These are completed before and after the driver's shift.
A Driver Vehicle Inspection Report (DVIR) ensures there is a formal record that a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) driver has completed his or her required daily vehicle inspections.
DVIRs help identify safety issues and prevent hazardous vehicle components from going unnoticed in addition to keeping commercial vehicles and their drivers in compliance with federal regulations.
DVIRs can be recorded on paper or electronically. Regardless, they must be kept at your business or where your vehicles are located for at least three months from the date it was submitted.
Law 49 in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), sections 396.11 and 396.13, specify DVIR requirements. These requirements are then enforced by the United States Department of Transportation (DOT) and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). To get the most out of your inspections, it's best to fully understand vehicle inspection rules.
4 Steps of a Driver Vehicle Inspection Report
Completing a DVIR includes four basic steps that drivers need to follow, including inspecting the vehicle, reporting any defects, signing off on the report, and completing any corrective actions needed. Here’s a further explanation of each step:
Step #1: Vehicle Inspection
During this first step, a driver will conduct a circle check inspection of their vehicle. This should include checking underneath the hood, a 360º walkaround looking for defects or damages, and starting the engine to test lights, brakes, and more.
There is a standard checklist of things that must be included in a Driver Vehicle Inspection Report. (See next section for the list in its entirety)
Step #2: Report Defects
The second step is to report any defects or damages found during the inspection. This includes anything that might affect the driver’s ability to operate the vehicle in a safe manner or that could lead to a vehicle breakdown.
Step #3: Sign Off
Third, the driver will need to sign off on the Driver Vehicle Inspection Report and submit it to the motor carrier for review and/or immediate action.
Step #4: Corrective Action & Repair Certification
Lastly, motor carriers should immediately repair and certify any reported defects or damages identified in the DVIR that would affect the vehicle’s safe operation in order to keep the fleet safe and efficient.
When completing the above steps, drivers have to follow the regulations outlined in Section 396.11 that states an inspection report must include a check of the following:
- Brakes and air system
- Steering mechanism
- Lights and reflectors
- Tires, wheels, and rims
- Windshield wipers
- Rearview mirrors
- Coupling equipment and fifth wheels
- Safety and emergency equipment
- Power unit and trailer (if applicable)
Drivers will also want to include the date, the vehicle license number, fleet unit number, their signature, the mechanic’s signature for any repairs fixed, and the signature of the next driver in that vehicle to make sure the repairs were made on the report.
When is a DVIR Required?
Per United States federal law, completing a driver vehicle inspection report is required for every CMV on the road to ensure road safety and compliance. DVIRs are meant to reduce the number of crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving commercial motor vehicles. If you’re using two or more commercial motor vehicles for business, there’s almost a 100% chance you’ll be required to fill out and keep DVIRs for each of your vehicles.
There are a few instances where DVIRs are not required, however. DVIR regulations won’t apply to the following operators:
- Motor carriers with only one commercial vehicle
- Private motor carriers carrying passengers, not as a business
Additionally, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration repealed the requirement for drivers to submit a DVIR if no defects or damages were found in 2014. This means DVIRs aren’t required to be submitted if the vehicle passes the driver’s inspection.
The only caveat is that this does not apply to passenger-carrying vehicles. If a driver is driving a commercial motor vehicle with passengers, the driver is required to submit a DVIR whether or not he or she finds any defects or damages.
DVIRs & DOT Roadside Inspections
In addition to the DVIRs that drivers are required to do, the Department of Transportation (DOT) also conducts commercial vehicle inspections following the six-level North American Standard Inspection Program.
Easy-to-record and maintain DVIRs make DOT roadside inspections smoother since drivers should have already inspected their vehicles. This means more passed DOT inspections and safer vehicles. Also, it means fewer out-of-service violations and better CSA scores.
Conducting a regular pre-trip and post-trip inspection can also point to maintenance issues that could become costly if not taken care of quickly.
Penalties for Not Completing DVIRs
Since DVIRs are required by federal law, there are penalties associated with not following proper DVIR regulations.
This can include fines anywhere from $1,000 - $15,000!
Additionally, if a vehicle is found unsafe, the vehicle could be immediately put out of commission until repaired. Unplanned vehicle losses could lead to a hit in revenue and/or lower CSA scores, so it’s important to follow DVIR regulations closely.
In any case, you can guarantee that conducting your pre-trip and post-trip inspections will save you all kinds of headaches like a frequent vehicle violation, fines, and a knock against your carrier's CSA score.
Benefits of DVIRs
Regular inspections carry countless benefits.
They can help prevent fines, out-of-service vehicles, failed roadside inspections, and help prevent unsafe operations as well as fatalities involving commercial vehicles.
Keeping your truck drivers and fleet managers constantly aware of vehicle conditions is another bonus!
The DVIR process as part of a truck driver's daily routine not only helps you fulfill your legal requirement with federal safety regulations, but also encourages safe operation, accurate inspection reports, and helps your truck driver remain confident during a roadside inspection.
Last of all, regularly uploading inspection reports helps fleet managers and drivers detect defective and missing parts like a faulty fire extinguisher, bad brakes, or worn-out tires.
Make DVIRs Easier With Forward Thinking Systems
In need of a DVIR solution or looking to automate your fleet’s DVIRs?
Forward Thinking System’s DVIR solution allows drivers to complete their DVIR digitally with Field Warrior® for Android and approved Garmin devices.
It’s quick, simple, customizable, and FMCSA compliant. Plus, eliminating a written report in favor of electronic inspection opens the door to further DVIR benefits like:
- Improving efficiency with electronic data collection
- Capturing visual issues or damages
- Reduced paperwork
- Transferring information quickly
- Increasing inspection data visibility
Our electronic DVIR solution gives you a seamless maintenance workflow that simplifies inspections, improves compliance, and reduces the risk of fines. Contact us to get started or learn more by scheduling a demo today.